Ebû’l İz İsmail İbni Rezzaz El Cezerî is known as an inventor and engineer who lived between 1136 and 1206 in today’s Şırnak Cizre – Turkey. Al-Jazari, who is considered to have taken the first steps in cybernetics and built and operated the first robot, is thought to be the inspiration for Leonardo da Vinci.
Al Jazari – The Book Of Knowledge Of Ingenious Mechanical Devices: Original Book – Al Jazari
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He was born in 1136 in the Tor neighborhood of Cizre. Al-Cezeri, a physicist, robot and matrix scientist, who is considered the founder of the field of cybernetics, died in Cizre in 1206. Taking his nickname from the city where he lived, Al Cezeri completed his education at the Camia Madrasa, concentrated on physics and mechanics and signed many firsts and inventions.
In western literature BC. Although it is stated that a steam-powered pigeon was made by the Greek mathematician Archytas in 300 BC, the oldest known written record on robotics belongs to Cezeri. According to one study, Al-Cezeri was part of a craftsman tradition and therefore was more of an inventor than an inventor, a practical engineer interested in craftsmanship rather than technology, and he invented machines often through trial and error rather than theoretical calculation. According to Otto Mayr, the style of the books is similar to “do it yourself” books in a modern sense.
In terms of world science history, the automatic machines made by Cezeri, who was the first scientist to study in today’s cybernetics and robotics, constitute the cornerstones of today’s mechanical and cybernetics sciences.
In terms of world science history, the automatic machines made by Cezeri, who was the first scientist to work in today’s cybernetics and robotics, constitute the cornerstones of today’s mechanical and cybernetic sciences.
Briefly known as Kitab-ül Hiyel, his work consists of six chapters. In the first part, ten figures about how to make binkam (water clock) and finkan (water clock with oil lamp) in hour-i müsteviye and hour-ı Zamaniye; in the second part, ten figures about making various pots, and in the third part, about making pitchers and bowls related to cupping and ablution; in the fourth chapter, ten figures about pools and fountains and music vending machines; in the fifth chapter, 5 figures about devices that raise water from a shallow well or a flowing river; In the 6th section, there are 5 figures about the construction of various different shapes.
Another method used by Al-Jazari, who made empirical studies rather than theoretical studies, was to construct paper models of the devices he would make beforehand and to benefit from the rules of geometry. Using a similar mechanism working with the same system centuries before the first calculator at the time he developed, Al-Jazari not only established automatic systems but also managed to balance between the systems that worked automatically.
Cezeri developed the automatic maid who decides when to pour water according to the water level in different reservoirs and when to serve fruit and drinks 600 years before Jacquard’s automatic weaving loom, which is considered the first of automatic controlled machines. In some of his machines, Cezeri turned towards a system of balancing and moving with hydro-mechanical effects, and in others he tried to establish a mutual influence system by using gear wheels between buoys and pulleys. Al-Jazari’s most important contribution to automation is that he creates a balance that balances and adjusts himself by taking advantage of the effect of water power and pressure after self-operating automatic systems.
Another work of physicist and mechanic Bediuzzaman Al Cezeri is the famous sundial of Diyarbakır Grand Mosque.